Pediatric nephrology is the specialty concerned with disorders and diseases of the kidneys, kidney dysfunction, kidney failure, renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation) and other problems with kidneys in newborns, children, adolescents and young adults.
The Division of Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation at Cohen Children’s Medical Center is committed to excellence in the diagnosis, treatment and long-term care of children with pediatric kidney diseases and renal failure. Our multidisciplinary team includes nephrologists, surgeons, nurses and other kidney health professionals dedicated to the best possible outcome for your child. We treat the entire spectrum of renal disorders, whether it’s a genetic condition your child was born with or an acquired disorder.
We know from experience that children in unfamiliar medical settings can become anxious and apprehensive, and as patients, children have very different needs from adults. Our specialists empathize with younger patients and understand the difficulties they are going through. It is our goal to provide your child with the best, most compassionate care possible.
Our team of nephrology specialists has expertise in the evaluation and treatment of patients with:
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
Pediatric kidney failure, which is also referred to as renal failure in children, happens when the kidneys slow down or stop performing their function of properly filtering wastes from the body. This causes a buildup of waste products and toxic substances in the blood.
Many pediatric kidney diseases and renal conditions, including renal failure in children, can be diagnosed before a baby is born through routine prenatal testing. Treatment can be successful with medication or surgery while the child is young. Other problems may emerge later in life, such as symptoms of urinary infections, growth retardation and high blood pressure. In some cases, if the kidney problems are more severe, they may require more extensive surgical treatment.
Some of the pediatric kidney diseases that we diagnose in children are:
- Fetal hydronephrosis
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Multicystic kidney disease
- Renal tubular acidosis
We are also offer kidney stone evaluations and glomerular disease assessment. Our specialists evaluate and treat children with both autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD).
What to expect
During your child’s first visit within the Division of Nephrology, he or she will undergo a complete physical examination and family history review. A urine sample will be required for testing. Families are encouraged to bring all records and X-rays from prior evaluations to the initial visit. Once a diagnosis has been made, our team of specialists will determine the best course of treatment for your child.