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A young family sits talking to a female doctor with short, curly hair. The toddler is sat on his mother’s knee as the doctor kneels down to talk to him
Compassionate care you and your child can trust
If your child is having difficulty breathing, nothing is more important than relieving their respiratory distress. Our pediatric pulmonologists are here to help.

Our approach

Pediatric pulmonology is the specialty of medicine concerned with diseases of the upper and lower airways in infants, children, adolescents and young adults. Our board-certified pediatric pulmonologists have extensive, highly specialized training and experience in managing the treatment of young patients with pulmonary issues. They work with a multidisciplinary team of pediatric clinical nurse specialists, pediatric nurse practitioners, respiratory therapists and other healthcare professionals—while communicating with your child’s pediatrician—to ensure the most comprehensive diagnoses/evaluations and effective treatments to help children breathe easier. We provide inpatient or outpatient consultation, individualized treatment plans and extensive patient follow-up.

What we treat

We provide comprehensive treatments for children with a wide range of respiratory disorders and symptoms, including:

  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Asthma, chronic cough, recurrent wheezing, recurrent croup
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Chronic lung disease of prematurity
  • Ciliary disorders, impaired mucociliary clearance
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Laryngomalacia, tracheomalacia, bronchomalacia
  • Muscular dystrophy, neuromuscular disorders, muscular weakness
  • Pulmonary dysfunction associated with other illnesses such as sickle cell disease, rheumatologic disorders and oncologic diseases
  • Pulmonary fibrosis/Interstitial lung disease
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Restrictive lung disease
  • Sleep apnea/breathing disorders

Innovative testing

We use advanced technology to determine your child's level of pulmonary function and to enhance the effectiveness of diagnosis and treatment .Highlights of our testing capabilities are as follows:

  • Our fully equipped pulmonary function laboratory is staffed by respiratory therapists who work exclusively with children. Pulmonary function testing provides invaluable measurements of lung function, such as the speed at which air comes out of the lungs, the size of the lungs, how the air moves from the lungs into the blood vessels, and changes in lung function due to ongoing therapy or new medications.
  • We use specialized flexible bronchoscopes for children, which allow us to better visualize a child's airways from the nose to the small bronchial tubes; samples for culture and other special tests can be obtained.
  • Radiologic tests are seamlessly performed by our colleagues in the Department of Pediatric Radiology, and results are reviewed by our pediatric pulmonologists.
  • Sleep studies are performed in a family friendly environment where breathing disorders in sleep can be determined, such as the presence of abnormalities in air flow and gas exchange.

Preparing for your visit

In preparation for your visit, please bring any information you may have about your child’s condition, such as recent lab test results or copies of any recent chest X-rays. Also, bring any medicines, inhalers, spacers or peak flow meters that have been prescribed for your child. If you have taken notes or written down any observations about your child’s condition, please share these with the doctor. This will help get your child back to normal breathing as quickly as possible.


Maria T. Santiago, MD

Chief of Division of Pediatrics - Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Long Island Jewish Medical Center

Specialties: Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Pediatrics
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